Before discussing the 6 Main types of IT computer hardware let’s discuss term computer hardware.
What is Hardware?
Hardware refers to a physical component of a computer or telecommunications system. It is an object we manufacture as well as fasteners and fittings that the construction industry uses. The term also refers to machinery, tools, and different durable equipment. In the world of IT, the term refers to the physical components of a computer.
Here’s The 6 Main types of IT computer Hardware:
Business server solutions:
A server is a specially designed computer system which can process requests and deliver data to different computer systems over a local network. Servers are commonly conﬁgured with extra processing power, memory and storage capacity. Servers are designed to run 24/7 and oﬀer extra redundancy for data storage and power.
Servers are an important part of a business. Without servers, IT operations might come to a halt. That’s why it’s so important to make the right choice while selecting your business server environment.
End User Computing:
End-user computing (EUC) is a term that refers to the technology that IT specialists use to deploy, manipulate and secure the devices, applications and data that employees require to perform their jobs.
A EUC solution uses a centralized platform for all user computer systems and applications, which means security and software licensing are easily patrolled.
Printing and Scanning:
A printer is a device that accepts textual content and photo output from a laptop and transfers the statistics to paper, normally to standard-size, 8.5″ through 11″ sheets of paper. Printers range in size, speed, sophistication and cost.
A scanner, image scanner or optical scanner is a hardware input device that optically “reads” an image and converts it to a digital signal. For example, a scanner can be used to transform a printed picture, drawing, or document (hard copy) to a digital file that may be edited on a computer.
Backup and Storage:
Storage is the act of maintaining your data in a secure location that you can access readily. Files in storage should be the working copies of your files which you access and change regularly.
Backup is the practice of maintaining additional copies of your data in separate bodily or cloud places out of your files in storage.
IT Peripherals and Accessories:
IT peripherals and accessories expand the functionality of your computer. Some are vital for the computer to function well, consisting of a monitor and a keyboard. Others serve a more specialized purpose but allow you to do a lot more with your computer systems.
There are many different peripheral devices, but they fall into three categories:
- Input devices: Such as mouse and a keyboard.
- Output devices: Such as monitors and printers.
- Storage devices: Such as hard drives and flash drives.
IT Peripherals and Accessories can be external or internal. When most people refer to peripherals, they mean external ones.
Networking hardware, also called network equipment or computer networking devices, are electronic devices which are required for communication and interaction between devices on a computer network. Specifically, they mediate data transmission in a network.
Here is a list of network devices needed to set up a computer network for your business:
Hubs offer a central location for attaching wires to workstations. There are types: passive and active.
Switches connect devices to host computer systems and permit large numbers of these devices to share a limited number of ports.
Routers are protocol-dependent devices that connect sub-networks or divide a very large network into small sub-networks.
Repeaters use regeneration and retiming to make sure that signals are transmitted clearly through all network segments.
Bridges are used to connect local or remote networks. They centralized network administration.
Gateways can connect networks with different, incompatible communications protocols.
Multiplexers combine multiple signal inputs into one output.
Transceivers connect nodes and send and receive signals. They are sometimes known as medium access units.
Firewalls safeguard a network against unauthorized access.